Spanish Numbers Vocabulary words
Spanish numbers belong to the decimal number system, also called Hindu-Arabic numeral system, it was invented in India around 500 B.C. The system was adopted by the Arabs at the very earliest. They brought it to Spain in 900 A.C. and to the rest of Europe around 1.100 A.C.
The first attempts of writing were occurred long after the development of oral language, so the first efforts for the graphical representation of numbers came when the people started to count and perform numerical operations. As primitive man they had no measurement units – no currency, trade or pricing system. Written numbers appeared much later than the graphic language.
The primitive forms of the Spanish numbers we use today in Spain
The first numerical inscriptions known are the Egyptian in the year 3.400 B.C., the Mesopotamian in the year 3.200, the Cretans 1.200 and the Hindu and Chinese centuries B.C.
Each system went as far as required to the needs of the people who used it. The idea of a group symbol should naturally have occurred as early traders had developed the habit of counting, which made necessary numbers beyond the 10: this was the case of Egypt and Babylon. Once the idea was suggested, probably by influence of fingers, symbols were invented for smaller units.
The lack of stone around Babylon caused the inhabitants of the region to carve their symbols on clay tablets, which is then exposed to sunlight for bake hardening. They managed to create historical documents that were as permanent as stone.
Spanish Numbers (cont.)
The first specific reference to Hindu numbers were found on a note written by Severo Sebokht, a bishop who lived in Mesopotamia around the year 650; as mentioned nine signs, so it is logical to assume that he didnt know the zero. People believe that some Indian astronomical tables were translated into Arabic, in Baghdad – by the end of the eighth century. The numbers mentioned certainly came to the attention of Arab scholars at this time. Indeed, we know that by the year 825 al-Khowarizmi wrote a book about the subject that was later translated into Latin by Abelardo Bath, back in 1.120, by the title Liber Algorismi of Ladorum Number.
Although there are reasons which suggest that the actual numbers were known in Europe earlier than in Baghdad, it is not clearly proofed, and the truth is that the first manuscript that contains them, was written in Spain in the year 976. Therefore it is more likely to assume, like most of the experts, Hindus numbers, origin of our current system. They were brought to Europe by the Arabs, who introduced them to Spain. There are few people who claim that they were also the inventors of zero, as we use today for our arithmetic.
What nobody doubts that the Arabs popularized its use throughout Asia and Europe. Hence its name: Arabic numerals. Some Arab mathematicians made significant progress in number theory.
They say it was Fibonacci, an Italian mathematician of the 13th century who was the main promoter of Arabic or Hindu numbers in Europe. The invention of printing in 1450 eventually widespread its use.
Spanish Numbers 0-99
Here are some samples of the Spanish numbers: